10 Myths About Addiction

Written by Steve Rose

Steve Rose, PhD, is an addiction counsellor and former academic researcher, committed to conveying complex topics in simple language.

As an addiction counselor, I’ve heard many myths about addiction. These myths lead to misunderstanding and stigma, often clouding our collective perception and creating barriers for those in need of help.

In this article, I aim to debunk some of the most common and persistent myths surrounding addiction. By unraveling these misconceptions, I hope to shed light on the reality of addiction, its causes, and its potential treatments.

Armed with accurate information, we can better support those struggling with addiction and foster a more compassionate, informed society. So, let’s embark on a journey to challenge our preconceptions and deepen our understanding of this critical issue.

Myth 1: Addiction is a choice or moral failing

One of the most pervasive and harmful misconceptions about addiction is that it results from a lack of willpower or a moral failing. This myth perpetuates the belief that persons with an addiction are weak or inherently bad people, which only serves to increase the stigma associated with addiction.

In reality, addiction is a complex brain disorder influenced by a combination of genetic, environmental, and psychological factors. Research has shown that certain genetic predispositions can make individuals more susceptible to addiction, while environmental factors such as early exposure to drugs or alcohol, childhood trauma, or social influences can further increase the risk.

It’s important to understand that addiction is not a choice or a character flaw, but rather a chronic disease that alters brain chemistry and function. Recognizing addiction as a brain disorder is crucial for reducing stigma and promoting effective treatment approaches that address the underlying causes, rather than simply blaming the individual.

For more on this topic, you can check out my article on What Causes Addiction.

Myth 2: Only certain types of people become addicted

Stereotypes and misconceptions about addiction often lead people to believe that only certain types of individuals are susceptible to addiction. This myth perpetuates the idea that addiction only affects people of a particular race, socioeconomic background, or upbringing, creating a false sense of security for those who don’t fit the stereotype.

The truth is that addiction can affect anyone, regardless of age, race, or socioeconomic status. Addiction does not discriminate and can impact people from all walks of life. For example, the opioid epidemic in the United States has affected individuals across a wide range of demographics, demonstrating that no one is immune to the risk of addiction.

By recognizing that addiction can affect anyone, we can better understand the importance of prevention efforts, early intervention, and accessible treatment options for all those in need, regardless of their background.

Myth 3: You have to hit rock bottom before seeking help

The notion that an individual must hit “rock bottom” before they can begin to recover from addiction is a dangerous and misleading myth. This idea suggests that a person must experience severe negative consequences, such as losing their job, relationships, or health, before they will be motivated to seek help for their addiction.

In reality, early intervention is key to successful addiction treatment. The sooner a person receives help for their addiction, the more likely they are to achieve long-term recovery.

Although this is the case, some people do not accept the need for treatment until a “rock bottom” scenario occurs. But this is far from being the case for everyone who struggles with an addiction. Most of my clients reach out for support before having a “rock bottom” moment and many recover without having to experience one.

Myth 4: Willpower alone can overcome addiction

The belief that an individual can overcome addiction through sheer willpower alone is both simplistic and misguided. This myth perpetuates the notion that persons with an addiction are solely responsible for their addiction and that they simply need to “try harder” to recover.

While personal determination and motivation are certainly important factors in the recovery process, addiction is a complex disease that often requires professional help and evidence-based treatments. Relapse rates for addiction are high, indicating that overcoming addiction is not as simple as just “quitting” and that ongoing support is crucial for maintaining sobriety.

The idea that willpower alone can cure addiction is dangerous, as it can lead to feelings of guilt, shame, and failure among those who struggle to maintain sobriety. It’s important to acknowledge the need for professional help and evidence-based treatments, and to support those in recovery as they navigate the challenges of overcoming addiction.

For more on this topic, see my article on Why Willpower is Overrated.

Myth 5: Relapse indicates treatment failure

A common misconception surrounding addiction recovery is that relapse is a sign of treatment failure or a lack of commitment to sobriety. This belief can lead to feelings of shame, guilt, and hopelessness among those who experience relapse, and may discourage them from continuing their recovery journey.

The truth is that relapse is a common part of the recovery process and should be viewed as an opportunity to learn and grow rather than a failure. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, relapse rates for addiction are similar to those for other chronic diseases, such as diabetes and hypertension, indicating that relapse is a normal part of the recovery process for many individuals.

Rather than viewing relapse as a failure, it’s important to recognize it as an opportunity to reevaluate and adjust one’s recovery plan. Developing effective relapse prevention strategies and having a strong support network can significantly reduce the risk of relapse and help individuals maintain long-term sobriety.

Myth 6: Detoxification alone is sufficient for addiction recovery

Some people believe that detoxification, or the process of removing drugs or alcohol from the body, is all that’s needed to recover from addiction. While detox is an essential first step in the recovery process for many, it is by no means a comprehensive solution to addiction.

Detoxification helps individuals overcome physical dependence on substances, but it does not address the underlying psychological, emotional, and behavioral issues that contribute to addiction. To achieve long-term recovery, individuals must engage in comprehensive treatment plans that include evidence-based therapies, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, contingency management, or motivational enhancement therapy, as well as support from peers and professionals.

By understanding that detoxification is just the beginning of the recovery process, we can encourage individuals to seek the appropriate help they need to address the root causes of their addiction and build a solid foundation for long-lasting sobriety.

Myth 7: Addiction recovery is a linear process

The belief that addiction recovery follows a straightforward, linear path can lead to unrealistic expectations and disappointment when the journey inevitably encounters setbacks or challenges. Recovery from addiction is a lifelong process that often involves ups and downs, progress and setbacks, and periods of growth and struggle.

It’s important to recognize that setbacks are a natural part of the recovery process and do not negate the progress an individual has made. Embracing flexibility, patience, and perseverance can help individuals navigate the challenges of recovery and maintain their commitment to sobriety.

By acknowledging that addiction recovery is a complex and sometimes unpredictable journey, we can better support those in recovery and celebrate their progress, even when faced with setbacks.

Myth 8: Person’s with an addiction are not capable of holding jobs or maintaining relationships

There is a prevailing stereotype that persons with an addiction are unable to function in society, hold down jobs, or maintain healthy relationships. This misconception paints a picture of persons with an addiction as dysfunctional and unproductive individuals, further perpetuating stigma and misunderstanding.

The reality is that many individuals struggling with addiction are high-functioning and manage to maintain careers, relationships, and responsibilities despite their addiction. However, it’s crucial to recognize that addiction can still have a significant impact on an individual’s well-being, work performance, and interpersonal relationships. In many cases, the strain of managing addiction while maintaining the appearance of normalcy can exacerbate the problem and delay the decision to seek help.

By challenging this stereotype, we can better understand the complexities of addiction and support individuals in seeking the help they need to maintain or rebuild their lives.

Myth 9: Treatment isn’t necessary and people should just quit “cold turkey”

The belief that individuals can quit their addiction “cold turkey” without any professional help or treatment is both unrealistic and potentially dangerous. While it is true that some individuals may be able to stop using substances without formal treatment, for many, the withdrawal symptoms and cravings can be severe and even life-threatening.

Attempting to quit cold turkey without proper medical supervision can lead to serious health complications, particularly for those with severe addiction or those addicted to substances like alcohol or benzodiazepines. Supervised withdrawal and medical assistance can help ensure a safer, more comfortable detoxification process and reduce the risk of relapse.

For more information on this topic, see my article on Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms and Timeline.

In addition to the physical challenges of quitting cold turkey, addressing the psychological aspects of addiction requires comprehensive treatment and support. Recognizing the need for professional help and personalized treatment plans is essential for increasing the chances of long-term recovery and reducing the risk of relapse.

Myth 10: Most people don’t recover from addiction

A common and discouraging myth about addiction is that the majority of individuals struggling with substance abuse never achieve lasting recovery. This misconception can perpetuate feelings of hopelessness and despair among those affected by addiction and their loved ones, potentially deterring them from seeking help or maintaining their efforts in recovery.

In reality, many individuals do successfully recover from addiction and go on to lead fulfilling, substance-free lives. While it is true that addiction recovery can be challenging and relapse rates are high, it’s essential to recognize that each person’s recovery journey is unique, and success is achievable with the right support and treatment.

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), between 40% and 60% of people with substance use disorders relapse at some point during their recovery. While these numbers may seem discouraging, it is important to note that relapse rates for addiction are similar to those for other chronic diseases, such as diabetes, asthma, and hypertension. These statistics highlight that addiction is a chronic disease, and relapse is a common part of the recovery process.

Furthermore, a study published in the Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment found that 46% of individuals who received treatment for substance use disorders reported being abstinent from drugs and alcohol one year after treatment. Additionally, the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) reported that 22.35 million Americans aged 18 or older are in recovery from alcohol or drug addiction.

These statistics demonstrate that recovery is not only possible but is a reality for millions of people who have overcome addiction. By dispelling the myth that most people don’t recover from addiction, we can provide hope and encouragement to those who are struggling, as well as their loved ones, and help foster a more accurate understanding of the recovery process.


In this article, we have debunked some of the most common and enduring myths surrounding addiction. By challenging these misconceptions, we aim to foster a greater understanding of addiction as a complex and multifaceted issue, rather than simplifying it as a matter of choice or moral failing. With increased knowledge and empathy, we can better support those struggling with addiction in their recovery journey.

It is crucial to recognize that addiction is a chronic disease that can affect anyone, regardless of background or circumstances. Early intervention, comprehensive treatment, and ongoing support are essential components of a successful recovery plan. As we continue to break down the barriers created by these myths, we can contribute to a more compassionate and informed society, paving the way for more effective prevention efforts, intervention strategies, and accessible treatment options for those in need.

By dispelling the myths about addiction, we can work together to create a world where individuals struggling with addiction can find hope, healing, and the opportunity to rebuild their lives.

Fascinated by ideas? Check out my podcast:

Struggling with an addiction?

If you’re struggling with an addiction, it can be difficult to stop. Gaining short-term relief, at a long-term cost, you may start to wonder if it’s even worth it anymore. If you’re looking to make some changes, feel free to reach out. I offer individual addiction counselling to clients in the US and Canada. If you’re interested in learning more, you can send me a message here.

Other Mental Health Resources

If you are struggling with other mental health issues or are looking for a specialist near you, use the Psychology Today therapist directory here to find a practitioner who specializes in your area of concern.

If you require a lower-cost option, you can check out BetterHelp.com. It is one of the most flexible forms of online counseling. Their main benefit is lower costs, high accessibility through their mobile app, and the ability to switch counselors quickly and easily, until you find the right fit.

*As an affiliate partner with Better Help, I receive a referral fee if you purchase products or services through the links provided.

As always, it is important to be critical when seeking help, since the quality of counselors are not consistent. If you are not feeling supported, it may be helpful to seek out another practitioner. I wrote an article on things to consider here.

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  1. Michael

    If we can debunk ‘addiction’ maybe we might want to debunk a few other myths in our lives….

  2. phrhyner

    Thank you. My addiction is emotional eating. Your articles are very helpful THANKS. Phyllis

  3. CF

    This was a very inspiring article. It makes me feel dignified. I don’t feel like a failure or like a burden to society. It enables me to understand my opioid addiction, cope with it much better, & feel more successful at slowing down (i.e., instead of eating the pills like candy, I have taught myself to take as few as possible, just enough to lessen the pain, not enough to cause euphoria).

  4. Jay A. J. Shuck

    Thank you for another good and informative article.


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