The Experience of Addiction and Recovery

Written by Steve Rose

Steve Rose, PhD, is an addiction counsellor and former academic researcher, committed to conveying complex topics in simple language.

It begins as a thrilling adventure, an escape from reality or a means to cope with pain, stress, or loneliness. At first, it seems like a friend, a companion who takes away the weight of the world and makes everything feel lighter, more bearable. It gives you moments of euphoria, of false freedom, and a sense of belonging or control. But with time, the illusion fades, and the once-pleasant escape turns into a haunting reality.

As the addiction takes hold, the pleasure you once derived from it begins to wane, replaced by a desperate need to consume more to feel normal or to simply get through the day. The all-consuming cravings and withdrawal symptoms begin to dictate your life, your thoughts, your actions, and your relationships. Your world begins to shrink, centering around the pursuit of the substance or behavior and the temporary relief it provides.

The addiction consumes your time, your energy, and your resources, leading to a cascade of ruins: lost jobs, broken relationships, financial hardship, and declining health. You become a shadow of your former self, a prisoner within your own body and mind. The substance or addictive behavior becomes both your jailer and your perceived savior, the very thing that’s destroying you while simultaneously offering temporary solace from the devastation it’s caused.

The mental and emotional turmoil of addiction is overwhelming, a constant battle between the desire to break free from the chains of dependency and the seemingly insurmountable fear of facing life without the crutch of the substance or addictive behavior. Your sense of self becomes distorted, and the line between who you were and who you’ve become is blurred by the haze of the addiction.

Shame, guilt, and self-loathing become constant companions as you grapple with the reality of the damage you’ve caused to yourself and those around you. You feel isolated, misunderstood, and hopeless, trapped in a never-ending cycle of substance use and failed attempts to control it.

Attempting to Moderate

Attempting to moderate one’s usage of a substance without success can be a frustrating, disheartening, and, at times, seemingly endless cycle. Despite the best of intentions, the desire to maintain control and limit usage often proves elusive, leading to feelings of defeat, helplessness, and self-doubt.

The journey typically begins with a growing awareness of the negative consequences associated with excessive substance use. In an effort to regain control, you may set various self-imposed rules, guidelines, and restrictions to regulate your intake. These strategies can take numerous forms, such as limiting consumption to specific days, times, or situations, imposing a strict quota, or only indulging in the presence of certain people or locations.

Initially, these attempts at moderation may provide a sense of empowerment and optimism, as you believe you have found a way to strike a balance between enjoying the substance and avoiding its negative repercussions. However, over time, the self-imposed rules often begin to erode, as the powerful allure of the substance reasserts itself, leading to increasing instances of overindulgence and rule-breaking.

The failure to adhere to these self-regulations can result in feelings of guilt, shame, and frustration. You may begin to question your own willpower and self-control, wondering why you’re unable to maintain the boundaries you’ve set for yourself. This internal struggle can create an emotional turmoil that further exacerbates the desire for the substance, perpetuating the cycle of addiction.

As the pattern of unsuccessful moderation continues, you may find yourself revising your self-imposed rules and restrictions, hoping that a new approach will yield better results. Yet, time and again, these efforts are thwarted by the unrelenting grip of addiction, leaving you feeling trapped and disheartened.

You may envy those who can seemingly moderate their usage. It can evoke feelings of frustration, sadness, and longing, as you compare your own struggle with addiction to the apparent ease with which others can enjoy the substance without losing control.

This envy may manifest as a deep sense of unfairness, as you question why you are unable to maintain the same level of restraint and balance as others. It can feel as though you have been singled out, burdened with a unique vulnerability that prevents you from partaking in the substance or behavior in a casual, carefree manner.

Watching others indulge without negative consequences can be a painful reminder of your own inability to do so. It may evoke memories of a time when you, too, were able to enjoy the substance without the weight of addiction. This nostalgia can deepen the sense of loss and longing that accompanies envy.

Envy can also lead to feelings of isolation and alienation, as you perceive a widening gap between yourself and those who can moderate their use. You may feel left out or excluded from social situations where the substance is present, fearing that your inability to partake will make you an outsider. This can exacerbate feelings of loneliness and reinforce the belief that you are fundamentally different or uniquely flawed.

The War in Your Head

Trying to stop an addiction can be an intense, chaotic, and emotionally exhausting battle. It is a struggle between two opposing forces within you – the part that seeks change and recovery, and the part that is still drawn to the addictive substance or behavior. This internal conflict can create a constant push and pull, making the process of stopping an addiction incredibly challenging.

One side of this war is the voice of reason, hope, and self-preservation. This voice recognizes the damage that the addiction has caused and desires a healthier, more fulfilling life. It understands the importance of change and is motivated by the desire for self-improvement and a future free from the chains of addiction.

On the other side is the voice of the addiction itself, which is driven by cravings, fear, and the perceived need for the substance or behavior. This voice is skilled at rationalizing continued use, minimizing the negative consequences, and convincing you that you cannot cope without the addictive substance. It speaks to the deeply ingrained habits and neural pathways that have been reinforced over time and can be incredibly persuasive and persistent.

The war in your head can manifest as an ongoing inner dialogue or debate, with each side presenting arguments and counterarguments. It can feel like an endless loop of thoughts and emotions, with moments of clarity and determination often followed by doubt, fear, and temptation. This tug-of-war can be both mentally and emotionally draining, leaving you feeling overwhelmed and exhausted.

In the midst of this battle, it’s not uncommon to experience mood swings, irritability, anxiety, and depression. The stress of the internal conflict can also manifest in physical symptoms, such as headaches, sleep disturbances, and changes in appetite.

Ultimately, overcoming the war in your head requires a strong commitment to change and the development of new, healthier habits and coping mechanisms. With time, patience, and persistence, the voice of recovery can grow stronger, eventually drowning out the voice of addiction and leading you towards lasting healing and freedom.

Accepting the Need to Stop

The experience of coming to terms with the need to stop using a substance can be a deeply emotional, challenging, and transformative process. It often involves a complex interplay of self-awareness, acceptance, and determination to overcome the powerful grip of addiction. This realization may emerge gradually or be triggered by a particularly significant event or circumstance.

In the early stages, there might be a growing sense of unease, as the negative consequences of your substance use become increasingly difficult to ignore or rationalize. You may start to notice the detrimental impact on your health, relationships, career, finances, and overall well-being. At this point, feelings of guilt, shame, and self-disgust may begin to surface, as you acknowledge the extent of the harm caused by your addiction.

The process of coming to terms with the need to stop often involves a period of introspection, during which you reflect on the role the substance has played in your life and the reasons behind your reliance on it. This self-examination can be both enlightening and uncomfortable, as it requires confronting painful emotions, unresolved issues, and deeply ingrained patterns of behavior.

As the reality of your situation becomes more apparent, you may experience a mixture of fear, anger, and grief, as you mourn the loss of the substance that once provided comfort, escape, or a sense of identity. It’s not uncommon to feel a sense of resistance or denial at this stage, as the prospect of living without the substance can seem daunting and uncertain.

However, alongside these challenging emotions, there’s often a growing sense of resolve and determination. You may begin to recognize that the only way to reclaim your life and regain control is by committing to stopping your substance use completely. This realization can be both liberating and empowering, as it marks a turning point in your journey toward recovery.

As you come to terms with the need to stop, you may start seeking support and resources to help you navigate this transition. This can involve reaching out to friends, family, or support groups, exploring treatment options, or engaging in therapy. By taking these proactive steps, you’re acknowledging the gravity of your situation and demonstrating a willingness to take responsibility for your own healing and recovery.

Early Recovery

The experience of recovery is a journey of transformation, a path of self-discovery and healing that unfolds one step at a time. It begins with a spark of hope, a flicker of light amidst the darkness of addiction, as you realize that change is possible and that a life free from the chains of addiction is within reach.

As you take the first steps towards recovery, you’ll encounter a mix of emotions: fear and uncertainty, but also relief and determination. You’ll begin to build a support network, reaching out to others who have faced the same battles and have come out stronger on the other side. Through their stories and shared experiences, you’ll find solace, camaraderie, and the inspiration to keep pushing forward.

The process of recovery is not linear, nor is it a one-size-fits-all solution. It requires introspection, self-awareness, and a willingness to confront the underlying issues that fueled the addiction in the first place. It’s a journey of personal growth and self-improvement that demands patience, perseverance, and unwavering commitment.

There will be setbacks, moments of doubt, and times when the temptation to return to the substance or behavior feels overwhelming. But with each challenge, you’ll learn more about yourself and your capacity for resilience. You’ll begin to develop new coping mechanisms, healthier habits, and a newfound sense of self-worth.

As the days, weeks, and months of sobriety accumulate, the fog of addiction begins to lift, and you’ll start to see the world with fresh eyes. You’ll rediscover the beauty in life’s simple pleasures, the joy of authentic connections, and the satisfaction of personal achievements. You’ll come to understand that the substance or addictive behavior was never the solution, but rather a temporary escape that only prolonged the pain and suffering.

In the experience of recovery, relationships are mended, trust is rebuilt, and forgiveness is sought and given. You’ll begin to make amends with those you’ve hurt, and you’ll find that healing is not only possible but can also lead to deeper connections and understanding.

As you continue on the path of recovery, you start to find a sense of purpose and direction that may have been lost in the depths of addiction. You’ll begin to dream again, to set goals and work towards a brighter, more fulfilling future.


It begins with a creeping sense of vulnerability, as old triggers, temptations, and unresolved issues resurface, threatening to dismantle the progress made in sobriety.

The moment of relapse can feel like a sudden loss of control, a slip back into the familiar, yet destructive embrace of the substance or behavior. In an instant, the hard work, the personal growth, and the renewed sense of self can feel like they’re slipping through your fingers, replaced by the numbing comfort of the addiction.

The immediate aftermath of relapse is often marked by intense feelings of guilt, shame, and self-blame. You may berate yourself for your perceived weakness, questioning your ability to ever truly overcome the addiction. Relationships with loved ones may become strained as trust falters, and you grapple with the reality of the setback.

However, it’s important to remember that relapse does not signal failure, nor does it erase the progress made in recovery. Rather, it serves as a poignant reminder of the ongoing nature of the journey and the need for continued vigilance, support, and self-compassion.

In the face of relapse, the path forward requires acknowledging the misstep and viewing it as an opportunity for growth and learning. It’s an invitation to reevaluate your coping strategies, identify areas of vulnerability, and strengthen your commitment to sobriety. By seeking support from loved ones, counselors, or support groups, you can rekindle your motivation and re-engage with the recovery process.

As you navigate the challenges of relapse, you may come to appreciate the complexity and nuance of your journey. You’ll learn that setbacks are an inherent part of the human experience, and that true growth often emerges from the crucible of struggle and adversity.

In the end, the experience of relapse can serve as a catalyst for renewed determination, resilience, and personal growth. By embracing the lessons learned and reaffirming your commitment to recovery, you can continue to forge ahead, transforming setbacks into stepping stones on the path to lasting healing and self-discovery.

Long-term Recovery

The experience of long-term recovery is a multifaceted and ever-evolving journey, characterized by personal growth, healing, and the gradual unfolding of a new, more authentic way of living. As the years of sobriety accumulate, the initial challenges and struggles of early recovery begin to fade, making way for deeper insights, self-awareness, and a renewed sense of purpose.

In long-term recovery, the once all-consuming grip of addiction loosens, and the substance or behavior that once dominated your life is replaced with healthier coping mechanisms, habits, and pursuits. The lessons learned in early recovery continue to serve as a foundation, while new experiences and challenges shape your ongoing personal development.

One of the hallmarks of long-term recovery is the reestablishment and strengthening of relationships. As trust is rebuilt and amends are made, you’ll find yourself forging even deeper connections with loved ones, and developing new, supportive friendships with those who share your commitment to sobriety. You’ll come to appreciate the value of genuine connection and the healing power of empathy, understanding, and mutual support.

Long-term recovery also allows for the exploration of new interests, passions, and goals. As you continue to grow and evolve, you’ll rediscover your sense of identity, free from the constraints of addiction. You may find yourself pursuing new educational or career opportunities, engaging in hobbies, or volunteering your time to help others facing similar challenges.

The experience of long-term recovery often involves a heightened sense of gratitude and appreciation for life. As the fog of addiction lifts, you’ll find yourself more present and engaged, savoring the beauty and joy in everyday moments. You’ll develop a deeper understanding of your own resilience, recognizing the incredible strength that has carried you through the darkest times and continues to propel you forward.

While long-term recovery brings with it a newfound sense of stability and contentment, it’s essential to remain vigilant and mindful of the ongoing nature of the journey. By maintaining a strong support network, engaging in regular self-reflection, and prioritizing your well-being, you’ll continue to cultivate a life of purpose, balance, and fulfillment.

Ultimately, the experience of long-term recovery is a testament to the transformative power of hope, perseverance, and self-compassion. It’s a journey marked by triumphs and setbacks, growth and introspection, and the unwavering determination to build a life that is true to oneself and free from the shackles of addiction.

Fascinated by ideas? Check out my podcast:

Struggling with an addiction?

If you’re struggling with an addiction, it can be difficult to stop. Gaining short-term relief, at a long-term cost, you may start to wonder if it’s even worth it anymore. If you’re looking to make some changes, feel free to reach out. I offer individual addiction counselling to clients in the US and Canada. If you’re interested in learning more, you can send me a message here.

Other Mental Health Resources

If you are struggling with other mental health issues or are looking for a specialist near you, use the Psychology Today therapist directory here to find a practitioner who specializes in your area of concern.

If you require a lower-cost option, you can check out It is one of the most flexible forms of online counseling. Their main benefit is lower costs, high accessibility through their mobile app, and the ability to switch counselors quickly and easily, until you find the right fit.

*As an affiliate partner with Better Help, I receive a referral fee if you purchase products or services through the links provided.

As always, it is important to be critical when seeking help, since the quality of counselors are not consistent. If you are not feeling supported, it may be helpful to seek out another practitioner. I wrote an article on things to consider here.

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1 Comment

  1. Becky Lorraine

    Excellent article filled with hope. Empowering for me. You understand this global issue.


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