The Paradox of Self Acceptance

Written by Steve Rose

Steve Rose, PhD, is an addiction counsellor and former academic researcher, committed to conveying complex topics in simple language.

You’re sitting there, feeling the weight of the world pressing heavily on your shoulders. It’s another day, and once again, you find yourself in the midst of an internal war. On one side, there’s the compelling, seemingly inescapable allure of your addiction; on the other, your burning desire to change, to be free, to be different from who you’ve become.

Every pore in your body feels this intense struggle, as if it’s a physical entity. The guilt, the frustration, the self-criticism—it all seems as habitual as the addiction itself. Each time you succumb to your old patterns, you hear that critical voice in your head getting louder, chastising you, “You’ve failed again, can’t you do anything right?”

The mirror isn’t kind to you. It reflects back a version of you that’s mired in self-doubt and regret. It shows you a person who seems to have lost control, whose potential is buried beneath layers of mistakes. The negative voice in your mind echoes again, “Why can’t you just change?”

But what if there was a different way? What if instead of berating yourself for the person you are now, you could embrace your flaws, accept your mistakes, and still be capable of change? Carl Rogers, one of the most celebrated psychologists, once penned a profound paradox:

“The curious paradox is that when I accept myself just as I am, then I can change.”

This concept might seem counterintuitive in the harsh light of your struggle, but let’s dive deeper into what it truly means and how it could be the key to unlocking change.

Understanding Self-Acceptance

Self-acceptance is an essential element of mental well-being. It refers to an individual’s acceptance of all of themselves—their strengths, their weaknesses, their successes, their failures, their emotions, their thoughts, and their actions. It means embracing who you are, both the person you’ve been and the person you are in this moment, without self-judgment or criticism. It’s about understanding your inherent worth, and acknowledging that you are enough, just as you are, despite any perceived imperfections or past mistakes.

A lack of self-acceptance can lead to a wide array of mental health issues, including anxiety, depression, and a diminished sense of self-worth. Without self-acceptance, you’re more likely to get stuck in harmful patterns of self-denigration, guilt, and regret. These negative thought patterns can hinder your growth and keep you locked in destructive habits, like addiction.

On the other hand, self-acceptance can offer a wealth of benefits for your psychological health. It fosters greater self-esteem, improves your relationships with others, and allows you to cope better with stress and adversity. When you accept yourself, you give yourself permission to make mistakes and learn from them, rather than becoming consumed by them. It can be a vital step in breaking the cycle of addiction, as it helps you develop a healthier relationship with yourself and your behaviors.

One common misconception about self-acceptance is that it equates to complacency or self-indulgence. People often believe that accepting oneself as they are means giving up on personal growth or excusing harmful behaviors. However, this is not the case. Self-acceptance doesn’t mean you stop striving to be better or that you ignore the consequences of your actions. Instead, it means acknowledging where you are currently without judgment, which is a crucial step in paving the way for genuine change.

Another misconception is that self-acceptance can only be achieved once certain criteria are met or conditions are fulfilled – for example, once you’ve kicked an addiction or once you’ve reached a certain goal. But the truth is, self-acceptance isn’t dependent on any condition. It’s about appreciating who you are in the present moment, regardless of where you are in your journey.

The Paradox

The quote by Carl Rogers, “The curious paradox is that when I accept myself just as I am, then I can change,” presents a powerful paradox. At first glance, the concept of accepting oneself and simultaneously being open to change seems contradictory. One might argue, “How can I accept myself as I am and still desire to change? Doesn’t wanting to change imply that I’m not content with who I am?” This is where the essence of the paradox lies.

Self-acceptance does not imply stagnation or complacency; it doesn’t mean you must remain as you are indefinitely. Instead, self-acceptance is about acknowledging and appreciating yourself in your current state, with all your strengths and weaknesses. It’s about ending the internal war of self-rejection and judgment. This peaceful acknowledgement, surprisingly, serves as the groundwork for genuine transformation. Once you cease the exhausting battle with yourself, you liberate energy and willpower for growth and change.

Imagine you are trying to lose weight. You constantly criticize yourself, focusing on every perceived flaw, and believing that you will only be worthy of self-love and acceptance once you reach a certain weight. This mindset creates a negative loop of guilt and shame, which may lead you to engage in unsustainable self-destructive behaviors such as extreme dieting followed by binge-eating.

Now, consider a different scenario. You accept your body as it is, recognizing that your worth is not dependent on your weight. This acceptance doesn’t mean you don’t want to improve your health or change your eating habits. However, this desire for change comes from a place of self-love rather than self-loathing. You start making healthier choices not because you despise your current self, but because you care about yourself. This shift in perspective breaks the cycle of guilt and shame, making it easier to implement lasting, positive changes.

Rogers’ quote is deeply rooted in humanistic psychology, a perspective that emphasizes the inherent worth of the individual and their innate capacity for growth and self-improvement. According to this theory, acceptance is a prerequisite for change. This concept is also reflected in the therapeutic technique of “unconditional positive regard,” which Rogers himself developed. This technique posits that providing an environment of acceptance and understanding encourages individuals to accept themselves, promoting personal growth and change.

Additionally, this paradox finds support in the principles of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). This therapeutic approach recognizes that our thoughts greatly influence our emotions and behaviors. If you constantly berate and criticize yourself, these negative thoughts will likely foster feelings of worthlessness and despair, potentially leading to harmful behaviors. Conversely, accepting and nurturing thoughts about oneself can lead to positive emotional states, fostering healthier behaviors and promoting change.

Carl Rogers and Humanistic Psychology

Humanistic psychology, often referred to as the “third force” in psychology after psychoanalysis and behaviorism, emerged in the mid-20th century as a response to these two dominant schools of thought. It emphasizes the inherent goodness and potential for growth in all individuals. Humanistic psychology values subjective experiences, positing that each individual has a unique perception of reality that is significant and valuable. It places a strong focus on concepts such as self-actualization, the pursuit of fulfilling one’s potential, and free will, the idea that individuals have the power to make choices that determine their destinies.

Carl Rogers played a critical role in the development and propagation of humanistic psychology. His work on person-centered therapy, sometimes known as client-centered therapy, radically shifted the dynamics of the therapeutic relationship. Instead of positioning the therapist as an expert analyzing a passive patient, Rogers proposed that the therapist should offer “unconditional positive regard,” empathy, and authenticity, thereby creating an environment conducive to self-exploration and personal growth.

Rogers held the conviction that each individual possesses an innate capacity for self-understanding and self-improvement. In his view, the role of the therapist isn’t to ‘fix’ the client, but rather to facilitate an environment that supports the client’s process of self-discovery and self-acceptance.

The quote, “The curious paradox is that when I accept myself just as I am, then I can change,” deeply reflects the principles of humanistic psychology. It encapsulates the idea that acceptance of oneself is not a final destination or an end point, but rather a starting point for personal growth. In other words, by acknowledging and accepting ourselves with all our complexities and contradictions, we set the stage for the potentiality of change.

This acceptance aligns with the humanistic concept of self-actualization, where acceptance of oneself just as one is becomes the springboard for reaching our fullest potential. It also emphasizes the central theme of the inherent worth of the individual, regardless of their flaws or failures. Thus, Rogers’ paradox not only encapsulates the essence of his own therapeutic approach but also stands as a testament to the larger principles of humanistic psychology.

The Role of Self-Acceptance in Personal Change

Self-acceptance is a powerful catalyst for personal change. By accepting ourselves just as we are, we create a safe inner space where honest self-reflection can occur. This honest appraisal of ourselves enables us to identify areas of our life we wish to change more clearly and objectively.

When we accept ourselves, we also cultivate compassion and patience towards our own flaws and shortcomings. This reduces the fear of failure and rejection, allowing us to take risks and venture out of our comfort zones, which are essential steps towards personal growth and change.

Furthermore, self-acceptance enables us to take responsibility for our lives. Instead of blaming external circumstances or other people for our predicaments, we recognize that we have the power to shape our lives. This recognition can motivate us to change our behaviors, attitudes, and life situations.

When self-acceptance is lacking, individuals often find themselves trapped in negative thought patterns and self-defeating behaviors. They may constantly compare themselves to others, always finding themselves lacking in some way. This can lead to low self-esteem, which can discourage them from trying to make positive changes, for fear of failure or rejection.

Furthermore, a lack of self-acceptance can result in denial or avoidance of personal issues that need to be addressed. Individuals may resist change because they are not ready to face certain truths about themselves. Or they might make changes for the wrong reasons, such as to please others or conform to societal expectations, rather than to fulfill their own needs and aspirations. These externally driven changes are often unsustainable and can lead to dissatisfaction and discontent.

How to Foster Self-Acceptance

  1. Practice Mindfulness: Mindfulness involves focusing on the present moment without judgment. By practicing mindfulness, you can become more aware of your thoughts and feelings without being swept away by them. This awareness can help you cultivate self-acceptance by allowing you to observe your internal experiences as they are, without criticizing or trying to change them.
  2. Challenge Negative Self-Talk: Pay attention to the way you talk to yourself. If you often criticize or belittle yourself, try to replace these negative statements with more positive, compassionate ones. Remember, it’s okay to make mistakes and have flaws; it’s part of being human.
  3. Self-Compassion: Be kind to yourself, especially during challenging times or when you make mistakes. Instead of berating yourself, respond with understanding and kindness, as you would do for a friend.
  4. Self-Care: Taking care of your physical, emotional, and mental health can help you develop a more positive relationship with yourself. This might involve exercising regularly, eating nutritious food, getting enough sleep, engaging in activities you enjoy, and spending time with people who make you feel good about yourself.

Therapy can be a valuable tool in fostering self-acceptance. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) can help individuals identify and challenge negative thought patterns, while Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) encourages individuals to accept their internal experiences without judgment. Person-Centered Therapy, a therapeutic approach developed by Carl Rogers, specifically aims to foster self-acceptance. Mindfulness-based therapies can also promote self-acceptance by teaching individuals to observe their thoughts and feelings without judgment.

Remember, fostering self-acceptance is a journey, not a destination. Be patient with yourself as you embark on this path towards greater self-understanding and self-love.

Collective Acceptance

The concept of self-acceptance extends beyond the personal and has profound implications for society at large. Collective self-acceptance, where a community or society accepts its history, culture, strengths, and weaknesses, can shape societal norms and values significantly.

When individuals in a society practice self-acceptance, they are likely to become more tolerant and accepting of others. This shift can lead to a decrease in discrimination, bigotry, and inequality, as people become less judgmental and more understanding of differences. Collective self-acceptance could also lead to healthier societal norms around body image, success, and mental health, replacing toxic or unrealistic expectations with more compassionate and inclusive ideals.

Just as self-acceptance can spur personal growth and transformation, fostering self-acceptance on a societal level can facilitate societal change and progression. When societies accept their current circumstances and realities, they can better identify areas that require change.

Moreover, societies that foster self-acceptance are likely to be more open to change, as they have cultivated an environment of understanding and tolerance. These societies can encourage progressive policies and practices that address societal issues instead of ignoring or denying them.

One prominent example of societal change rooted in self-acceptance is the body positivity movement. This movement, which promotes acceptance of all body types and challenges societal beauty standards, has grown significantly over the past decade. As individuals began to accept and embrace their bodies, a societal shift occurred, leading to increased representation of diverse body types in media and changes in fashion industry standards.

Another example is the increased acceptance of mental health struggles. As more individuals openly accepted and shared their mental health challenges, societal views on mental health began to shift. Stigma has decreased, mental health awareness has increased, and there have been changes in policy and healthcare services to better accommodate mental health needs.

These examples illustrate how personal self-acceptance can aggregate into societal self-acceptance, leading to significant societal change and progression.

The Garden of Self-Acceptance

Imagine yourself as a gardener tending to a beautiful and diverse garden – the Garden of Self-Acceptance. This garden symbolizes your entire being: your personality, emotions, strengths, weaknesses, experiences, and ambitions. Every plant and flower represents a different aspect of you. Some flowers are vibrant and demand attention, symbolizing your strengths and achievements. Others are still budding or hidden in the shadows, representing aspects of yourself you’ve yet to fully embrace or acknowledge.

As the gardener, you have a choice. You could criticize and neglect the plants that don’t meet your expectations, refusing to water them until they “improve.” However, without care and acceptance of their current state, these plants may wither and die, never having had the chance to bloom.

On the other hand, you could accept each plant and flower as it is, understanding that every garden has its variety and pace of growth. By offering care and acceptance to all plants – even those that seem less appealing or slower to bloom – you foster a healthier, more vibrant garden. You acknowledge that each plant, regardless of its current state, has the potential for growth and transformation.

Just as this accepting gardener fosters growth in their garden, accepting yourself as you are creates an internal environment conducive to personal growth and change. The paradox of self-acceptance is that it might seem like you’re accepting stagnation, but in reality, you’re nurturing a seed of transformation.

Similarly, when this concept is extended to a societal level, each individual’s Garden of Self-Acceptance contributes to a vast, interconnected ecosystem. When we cultivate self-acceptance, not only does our personal garden flourish, but we also contribute to a healthier, more accepting society. Collective self-acceptance can lead to a societal garden that values diversity, nurtures growth, and fosters transformation.


This exploration has led us through the fascinating paradox proposed by Carl Rogers – the idea that only when we accept ourselves just as we are, can we truly change. We’ve delved into the concept of self-acceptance, clearing common misconceptions, and emphasizing its vital importance for psychological health. We’ve explored this paradox within the framework of humanistic psychology, revealing how it aligns with the fundamental principles of this school of thought.

We’ve seen that self-acceptance is a powerful catalyst for personal change, capable of breaking down barriers that inhibit growth. We emphasized that self-acceptance is not an act of resignation but a starting point for transformation. We’ve also offered strategies and practices to cultivate self-acceptance, highlighting both therapeutic interventions and daily habits that nurture this crucial mindset.

Moreover, we have discussed the broader societal implications of self-acceptance, suggesting that the collective practice of self-acceptance could foster healthier societal norms and inspire progressive changes.

Carl Rogers’s insightful paradox remains as compelling today as when it was first expressed. The power of self-acceptance lies in its transformative potential – a potential that may seem counterintuitive but reveals itself to be profoundly true upon closer examination. It’s a gentle reminder that the path to personal growth and change doesn’t start with self-rejection or self-criticism, but rather with self-acceptance.

As you reflect on this article, I invite you to embark on your own journey of self-acceptance and change. Remember that this journey is not a linear path but a spiral, with its ups and downs, its twists and turns. Don’t rush the process; take the time to tend to your own Garden of Self-Acceptance, nurturing each plant with compassion and patience.

Fascinated by ideas? Check out my podcast:

Struggling with an addiction?

If you’re struggling with an addiction, it can be difficult to stop. Gaining short-term relief, at a long-term cost, you may start to wonder if it’s even worth it anymore. If you’re looking to make some changes, feel free to reach out. I offer individual addiction counselling to clients in the US and Canada. If you’re interested in learning more, you can send me a message here.

Other Mental Health Resources

If you are struggling with other mental health issues or are looking for a specialist near you, use the Psychology Today therapist directory here to find a practitioner who specializes in your area of concern.

If you require a lower-cost option, you can check out It is one of the most flexible forms of online counseling. Their main benefit is lower costs, high accessibility through their mobile app, and the ability to switch counselors quickly and easily, until you find the right fit.

*As an affiliate partner with Better Help, I receive a referral fee if you purchase products or services through the links provided.

As always, it is important to be critical when seeking help, since the quality of counselors are not consistent. If you are not feeling supported, it may be helpful to seek out another practitioner. I wrote an article on things to consider here.

You May Also Like…

Break Free From Gambling

Break Free From Gambling

On the go? Listen to the audio version here: Persons with an...

1 Comment

  1. Stacia Kyrimes

    Just what I needed to here. Thank you Steve for sharing your wisdom and insight.


Leave a Reply