How to Practice Positive Self-Talk

Written by Steve Rose

Steve Rose, PhD, is an addiction counsellor and former academic researcher, committed to conveying complex topics in simple language.

Have you ever experienced that persistent internal chatter that seems to focus on every mistake, magnify every flaw, and predict every impending failure? This is the voice of negative self-talk, an insidious inner critic that resides within us, coloring our perception of ourselves and our abilities with an overly pessimistic hue.

This internal dialogue can be relentless, serving us a harsh critique of our every action, decision, or thought. It whispers words of self-doubt and self-deprecation, casting a shadow on our self-esteem, limiting our potential, and distorting the reality of who we truly are. It’s like living with an uninvited guest who’s constantly raining on our parade, draining our emotional vitality, and hampering our personal growth.

Now, imagine an entirely different scenario. Picture a voice that echoes with words of encouragement, amplifies your strengths, and motivates you to face challenges head-on. This is the voice of positive self-talk, a supportive inner friend who sees potential in your errors, lessons in your setbacks, and possibilities where others only see barriers.

Positive self-talk uplifts rather than undermines, bolsters resilience instead of breeding doubt, and inspires optimism in place of pessimism. It’s like having your personal cheerleader, offering you reassurance when you falter, celebrating your victories, and persistently reminding you of your worth, capabilities, and the extraordinary potential you hold within yourself.

Our internal dialogue can significantly shape our experience of life. This article is designed to help you turn down the volume on negative self-talk and amplify the encouraging tones of positive self-talk. The journey towards mastering this art is not always easy, but the rewards – greater self-confidence, improved resilience, and enhanced well-being – are well worth the effort.

What is Negative Self-Talk?

Negative self-talk refers to the critical voice inside our heads that tends to focus on our shortcomings, magnify our faults, predict negative outcomes, and generally paint an unduly pessimistic picture of ourselves and our circumstances. It often comes in the form of self-deprecating statements like “I’m not good enough,” “I always mess up,” or “I can’t handle this.”

Negative self-talk is a habit that can stem from various factors, including past traumatic experiences, childhood conditioning, societal pressures, or persistently high-stress levels. However, it’s essential to remember that just because we have these thoughts doesn’t mean they are an accurate reflection of reality. They are merely interpretations or perceptions shaped by various internal and external influences.

Negative self-talk can have significant detrimental effects on both our personal development and mental health. By focusing excessively on our faults and failures, it undermines our self-confidence and self-esteem. This can lead to avoidance of challenges or opportunities, stifling personal growth and development.

Moreover, chronic negative self-talk can contribute to mental health issues such as anxiety and depression. It can create a self-fulfilling prophecy where we begin to act in ways that make our negative predictions come true, further reinforcing the cycle of negative thinking.

Recognizing negative self-talk patterns is the first step towards changing them. Negative self-talk often manifests in four common patterns:

  1. Filtering: This involves magnifying the negative aspects of a situation while filtering out all positive ones. For example, you may receive many compliments on a project, but focus solely on the one piece of constructive feedback.
  2. Personalizing: When something goes wrong, you automatically blame yourself, even when you aren’t primarily responsible. For instance, if a group project fails, you might blame yourself entirely, ignoring the contributions to the failure made by others.
  3. Catastrophizing: This involves expecting the worst in every situation. If you make a small mistake, you might immediately believe it will lead to a disastrous outcome.
  4. Polarizing: This is seeing things only as good or bad, or perfect or a failure, with no middle ground. If your performance falls short of perfect, you see yourself as a total failure.

Recognizing these patterns when they occur is the first crucial step towards transforming negative self-talk into a more positive dialogue.

What is Positive Self-Talk?

Positive self-talk, on the other hand, is the practice of responding to challenging situations and personal setbacks with kindness, optimism, and self-compassion. Rather than harsh criticism, it employs understanding and encouragement. It’s not about denying or ignoring challenges and disappointments but rather about choosing to focus on potential growth opportunities and solutions.

Positive self-talk may sound like, “I’m learning and growing,” “I can handle this challenge,” or “I’m doing my best, and that’s enough.” It’s a shift in perspective that allows you to maintain resilience in the face of adversity, and nurture a more confident and optimistic outlook on life.

Adopting a habit of positive self-talk can significantly enhance personal development and mental health. On a personal development level, it boosts self-confidence, enhances self-efficacy, and promotes better decision-making and problem-solving abilities. By focusing on possibilities and growth, it allows you to take on challenges more readily, fostering personal and professional growth.

On a mental health level, positive self-talk can help manage stress, reduce anxiety, and combat depression. By consciously shifting your inner dialogue from negative to positive, you can alter your brain’s cognitive functions, improving your mood and overall emotional well-being.

Cultivating positive self-talk involves several strategies:

  1. Mindfulness: This involves being aware of your thoughts and recognizing when you’re falling into negative self-talk patterns. Once you become aware, you can then consciously choose to shift your thinking.
  2. Reframing: This involves challenging negative thoughts and reframing them in a more positive or neutral light. For example, instead of thinking, “I always mess up,” you can reframe it as, “I made a mistake, but I can learn and improve.”
  3. Self-Compassion: Treat yourself with the same kindness, understanding, and forgiveness you would offer a dear friend. Remember that everyone makes mistakes and faces challenges—it’s a part of being human.
  4. Affirmations: These are positive statements about yourself that help to reinforce positive self-beliefs. Repeat affirmations like, “I am capable,” “I am resilient,” or “I am worthy” to yourself regularly.

Remember, shifting from negative to positive self-talk takes practice and patience. Don’t be discouraged by occasional setbacks, but rather view them as opportunities for learning and growth. The more you practice, the easier it will become, and the more profound your transformation will be.

How to Develop Positive Self-Talk

Developing positive self-talk starts with mindfulness and self-awareness, which involves tuning into your thoughts and becoming aware of your internal dialogue. Understanding your thought patterns is crucial to identifying areas that need change.

Start by observing your thoughts without judgment. Pay attention to what you tell yourself throughout the day, especially during challenging situations. Notice any recurrent negative thoughts or patterns. It might be helpful to keep a journal to track these thoughts and identify trends over time.

Remember, this step is not about criticizing yourself for having negative thoughts. Instead, it’s about observing and understanding your inner dialogue so that you can eventually guide it towards a more positive direction.

Once you’ve cultivated an awareness of your thought patterns, you can start to shift them from negative to positive. Here are some practical steps and techniques:

  1. Challenge Your Thoughts: When you catch yourself thinking negatively, question the accuracy of those thoughts. Ask yourself, “Is this really true? Is there another way to view the situation?” This can help you realize that many of your negative thoughts are not factual but are subjective interpretations.
  2. Reframe Your Thoughts: After challenging your negative thoughts, try to reframe them in a more positive or neutral light. If you think, “I’ll never get this right,” you could reframe it as, “I’m having a hard time now, but with practice, I can improve.”
  3. Focus on Solutions: Instead of dwelling on problems or setbacks, shift your focus to potential solutions or learning opportunities. This helps foster a problem-solving mindset, which is a crucial component of positive self-talk.
  4. Practice Self-Compassion: Be patient with yourself throughout this process. Changing thought patterns takes time. Treat yourself with kindness and understanding, as you would a good friend.

Using Cognitive Restructuring for Positive Self-Talk

Cognitive restructuring is a psychological technique that’s part of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). It involves identifying, challenging, and changing thought patterns and beliefs that may be unhelpful or harmful. When applied to self-talk, cognitive restructuring allows us to change our internal dialogue from negative to positive, promoting better mental well-being.

The process of cognitive restructuring is as follows:

  1. Identify Negative Thoughts: The first step in cognitive restructuring is to become aware of your negative thoughts. Whenever you catch yourself engaging in negative self-talk, write down what you’re saying to yourself.
  2. Challenge Negative Thoughts: Next, question the validity and utility of these thoughts. Are they based on facts or assumptions? Are they helping or hindering you? Often, you’ll find that negative self-talk is irrational or exaggerated.
  3. Consider Alternatives: Try to come up with alternative, more positive ways of interpreting the situation. This doesn’t mean simply replacing a negative thought with a positive one, but rather finding a balanced and realistic perspective.
  4. Replace Negative Thoughts: Now, replace the negative thoughts with the more balanced thoughts. Over time, these will become part of your internal dialogue.
  5. Practice Regularly: Cognitive restructuring is a skill that takes practice. Regularly identifying and challenging your thoughts will help you get better at recognizing when you’re engaging in negative self-talk and shifting it to be more positive.

Let’s look at an example of how cognitive restructuring can be used to change negative self-talk:

  1. Negative Thought: “I always mess things up. I’m such a failure.”
  2. Challenge the Thought: Is it true that you always mess things up? Probably not. Everyone makes mistakes sometimes. And does making a mistake mean you’re a failure? No, it means you’re human.
  3. Consider Alternatives: A more balanced interpretation could be, “I made a mistake this time, but that doesn’t mean I always mess things up. Mistakes are a chance to learn and improve.”
  4. Replace Negative Thought: The next time you make a mistake and start engaging in negative self-talk, consciously replace the negative thought with the more balanced thought.

By practicing cognitive restructuring, you can significantly alter your self-talk, making it more positive, balanced, and conducive to mental well-being.

The Role of Self-Compassion in Positive Self-Talk

Self-compassion involves treating yourself with the same kindness, understanding, and patience that you would extend to a good friend. It means allowing yourself to be human, which includes making mistakes, having flaws, and experiencing difficulties.

Dr. Kristin Neff, a leading researcher in the field, identifies three key elements of self-compassion: self-kindness (being kind and understanding toward oneself), common humanity (recognizing that everyone makes mistakes and experiences pain), and mindfulness (holding one’s experience in balanced awareness rather than ignoring or exaggerating one’s pain).

Self-compassion plays a crucial role in fostering positive self-talk. It encourages you to speak to yourself with kindness and understanding, rather than criticism and harshness. When you’re self-compassionate, you acknowledge your mistakes without letting them define your self-worth. You view them as opportunities for growth and learning, which leads to a more positive and constructive inner dialogue.

Here are some strategies for cultivating self-compassion:

  1. Practice Mindful Awareness: Be present with your feelings and emotions, rather than ignoring them or getting swept up in them. Acknowledge your struggles without judgment.
  2. Treat Yourself Like a Person You Care About: Speak to yourself with kindness and understanding. When you make a mistake, resist the urge to criticize yourself. Instead, reassure yourself that mistakes are a normal part of life and growth. When you notice negative self-talk, pause and ask yourself, “how would I talk to someone I care about right now?”
  3. Connect with Others: Remind yourself that everyone experiences hardship, makes mistakes, and has flaws. You’re not alone in your struggles. This can help you foster a sense of common humanity, an essential aspect of self-compassion.
  4. Self-Compassion Exercises and Meditations: There are many exercises and meditations designed to cultivate self-compassion, such as writing a letter to yourself, practicing mindfulness meditation, or using guided self-compassion meditations. You can find a list of free self-compassion meditations by Dr. Kristin Neff here.

Remember, cultivating self-compassion is a journey. Be patient with yourself, and celebrate your progress along the way. By treating yourself with kindness and understanding, you can significantly transform your self-talk and overall mental wellbeing.

The Role of Journaling in Positive Self-Talk

Journaling is a powerful tool in transforming your inner dialogue. By writing down your thoughts and feelings, you can gain a clearer understanding of your internal world, including your self-talk patterns. Journaling provides a safe space to explore your thoughts, identify negative patterns, and consciously replace them with more positive and constructive ones.

Research has shown that journaling can help reduce stress, improve mood, and enhance overall mental health. It allows you to express your emotions, reflect on your experiences, and gain new insights about yourself. When used for positive self-talk, journaling becomes a powerful ally, helping you cultivate a kinder, more positive relationship with yourself.

Here are some techniques for effective journaling:

  1. Consistency: Make journaling a regular habit. Whether it’s daily, weekly, or somewhere in between, find a frequency that works for you and stick to it.
  2. Honesty: Write honestly about your thoughts and feelings. Don’t censor yourself or worry about what you “should” be thinking or feeling. This is your space to explore your internal world.
  3. Reflection: Don’t just write about what happened, but also reflect on your thoughts, feelings, and reactions. This can help you understand your self-talk patterns and how they affect your mood and behavior.
  4. Positive Focus: While it’s important to acknowledge negative thoughts and feelings, also make sure to focus on the positive. Write about what you’re grateful for, your accomplishments, and positive experiences.
  5. Reframing: Use your journal to practice reframing negative thoughts into more positive ones. If you wrote about a challenge, also write about what you learned from it or how it can help you grow.

Journal prompts can guide your writing and help you focus on specific aspects of your self-talk. Here are some prompts focused on self-acceptance, self-compassion, and positivity:

  1. Self-Acceptance
    • What are three qualities I like about myself?
    • In what areas do I find it hardest to accept myself, and why?
    • How would my life change if I fully accepted myself, flaws and all?
  2. Self-Compassion
    • What would I say to a friend who is going through what I’m going through?
    • How can I show myself kindness during challenging times?
    • Write a letter of compassion and understanding to yourself.
  3. Positivity
    • What are three things I’m grateful for today?
    • What’s something positive that came out of a challenging situation I recently faced?
    • Write a positive affirmation and reflect on how it makes you feel.

Remember, there’s no right or wrong way to journal. It’s a personal and flexible tool that you can adapt to your needs and preferences. The key is to approach it with an open mind and use it as a space to explore, understand, and transform your self-talk.

Misconceptions about Positive Self-Talk

One of the most prevalent misconceptions about positive self-talk is that it requires you to be relentlessly positive, disregarding negative thoughts or emotions. In reality, positive self-talk is not about denying or ignoring your negative experiences or emotions. It’s about acknowledging these feelings and responding to them with kindness, compassion, and positivity.

True positive self-talk acknowledges the full spectrum of human experience, including challenges and struggles. It means framing these difficulties in a constructive light, searching for learning opportunities, and encouraging oneself through adversity.

Acknowledging and expressing negative emotions is a vital part of positive self-talk and overall emotional health. Suppressing or ignoring negative feelings can lead to increased stress, emotional distress, and even physical health problems.

Positive self-talk involves allowing space for negative emotions, recognizing them as a normal part of human experience, and responding to them with compassion and understanding. It means treating yourself with the same kindness and patience that you would extend to a loved one going through a tough time.

There are several other misconceptions about positive self-talk that may hinder its effective practice:

  1. It’s Just Repeating Positive Affirmations: While affirmations can be part of positive self-talk, it’s much more than that. It’s a whole shift in how you talk to yourself, treat yourself, and perceive your experiences. It involves mindfulness, self-compassion, cognitive reframing, and much more.
  2. It’s a Quick Fix: Positive self-talk is not a magic solution to all your problems. It’s a practice that requires time, effort, and patience. The benefits are often subtle and accumulate over time, leading to a more positive mindset and improved mental well-being.
  3. It’s Self-Delusion or Ignoring Reality: Positive self-talk doesn’t mean ignoring the facts or deluding oneself. Instead, it’s about choosing a constructive perspective over a harmful one. It’s acknowledging reality, but focusing on solutions, growth, and resilience instead of dwelling on the negative.

Positive self-talk acknowledges and validates negative emotions as a natural part of the human experience. It allows space for these emotions, treating them with compassion and understanding. The focus is not on eliminating these emotions, but on responding to them in a way that promotes self-care and mental well-being.

In contrast, toxic positivity dismisses negative emotions, pushing for a constant state of positivity. It encourages suppression of negative feelings, fostering a culture where people feel guilty or inadequate for experiencing anything other than happiness. This approach can lead to emotional stagnation, increased stress, and a lack of genuine emotional expression and understanding.

Positive self-talk serves as a tool for personal growth and resilience. By acknowledging challenges and framing them in a constructive light, it encourages problem-solving, learning, and personal development. It promotes resilience by reminding us of our strengths and capabilities, even in the face of adversity.

On the other hand, toxic positivity often leads to denial and avoidance. By insisting on positivity at all costs, it discourages individuals from addressing their problems or seeking help. This avoidance can inhibit personal growth and resilience, as it denies the opportunity to confront and learn from adversity.

Positive self-talk embraces a balanced perspective. It encourages us to recognize both our strengths and weaknesses, our joys and our struggles. This balanced perspective allows for a more accurate and compassionate self-view, and promotes mental well-being.

In contrast, toxic positivity imposes a one-sided view of positivity. It demands constant happiness and optimism, disregarding the richness and complexity of human emotion. This insistence on positivity can lead to feelings of inadequacy and inauthenticity, and can inhibit genuine happiness and satisfaction.

Understanding these differences is crucial in practicing true positive self-talk. By acknowledging our full range of emotions, promoting growth and resilience, and maintaining a balanced perspective, we can foster genuine positivity and improved mental well-being.

Engaging with Positive Communities

Our social environment plays a critical role in shaping our self-perception and self-talk. Being part of a supportive and positive community can help foster healthier, more positive self-talk. When we surround ourselves with individuals who uplift us, recognize our worth, and challenge us in a supportive way, it becomes easier to view ourselves in a positive light.

Positive communities can provide encouragement, reinforce our strengths and positive qualities, and offer constructive feedback when necessary. They can serve as a mirror, reflecting a more accurate and balanced view of ourselves than the often skewed perception created by negative self-talk.

Here are some strategies for seeking out and engaging with positive communities:

  1. Identify Positive Influences: Reflect on the people in your life who inspire, uplift, and encourage you. Make an effort to spend more time with them.
  2. Join Supportive Communities: Look for communities that align with your interests and values. This could be a local club, online group, non-profit organization, sports team, or a spiritual community.
  3. Cultivate Positivity: Foster a positive environment in your existing social circles. Encourage open, respectful, and supportive communication. Share your journey towards positive self-talk with others and invite them to join you.
  4. Set Boundaries: If there are people in your life who consistently bring you down with negativity, it may be necessary to set boundaries or limit the time you spend with them. Protecting your mental and emotional health is vital.

Positive interactions play a significant role in reinforcing positive self-talk. These interactions can affirm our worth, make us feel valued and appreciated, and provide positive feedback that we can internalize.

For instance, when someone compliments you, it provides an opportunity to challenge any negative self-beliefs and replace them with more positive ones. Similarly, when you engage in meaningful conversations that stimulate growth and learning, it can reinforce your self-confidence and ability to contribute in a valuable way.

Remember, the goal is not to rely on external validation for your self-worth, but to use these positive interactions as reminders of your inherent worth and capabilities. These reminders can gradually influence your self-talk, making it more positive and self-affirming.

Creating Positive Communities

  1. Encourage Mental Health Programming: Municipalities should promote programs that focus on positive self-talk and mental health at community centers and libraries. These could include workshops, courses, and seminars led by mental health professionals or trained facilitators.
  2. Organize Book Clubs and Discussion Groups: Establish book clubs that read and discuss books on positive psychology, self-compassion, and mindfulness. These clubs can provide a communal learning experience that also fosters discussion and camaraderie.
  3. Invite Guest Speakers: Regularly invite mental health experts, psychologists, or individuals who have effectively used positive self-talk in their lives to speak at community centers. These guest speakers can share their insights, experiences, and tips with community members.
  4. Establish Safe Spaces: Municipalities should designate areas within community centers and libraries as safe spaces for open mental health discussions. These spaces should foster a supportive and non-judgmental environment where individuals feel comfortable sharing their experiences and thoughts.
  5. Offering Individual Counseling Services: Community centers can offer individual counseling services to help individuals delve deeper into their self-talk patterns. With trained mental health professionals on board, these centers can provide one-on-one support to those struggling with negative self-talk and other mental health issues. These services can be especially beneficial for those who might not otherwise have access to mental health support.
  6. Promoting a Culture of Acceptance and Self-Compassion: Community centers play a vital role in shaping the culture of a community. By promoting values of acceptance and self-compassion, these centers can create an environment that encourages positive self-talk. Events, campaigns, and resources can all be tailored to reinforce these values.

These municipal policy proposals can play a significant role in promoting positive self-talk among community members. By implementing these measures, municipalities can foster healthier, more supportive communities where mental well-being is prioritized.


Throughout this article, we have delved into the nuanced realm of self-talk. We began by understanding the damaging effects of negative self-talk, which can limit personal development and impede mental health. We then explored the role of self-acceptance and self-compassion in cultivating positive self-talk, noting the necessity of acknowledging and empathizing with our own feelings. We also discussed actionable tools to foster positive self-talk.

Moreover, we differentiated positive self-talk from toxic positivity, emphasizing the importance of embracing the full spectrum of human emotions. The role of supportive communities and institutions such as community centers in promoting positive self-talk was also explored.

It is never too late to embark on the journey towards positive self-talk. Remember, shifting your internal dialogue is not an overnight process; it requires time, patience, and consistency. You may have days where you stumble and resort back to negative self-talk, and that’s okay. It’s part of the process. What’s important is to persist and continue working towards a kinder, more compassionate dialogue with yourself.

The practice of positive self-talk is a gift that keeps on giving. As you cultivate a kinder and more compassionate internal dialogue, you’ll notice an improvement not only in your mental well-being, but in your overall perception of life. You’ll find yourself more resilient in the face of adversity, more confident in your abilities, and more compassionate towards both yourself and others.

Remember, the voice that speaks to you from within is one of the most powerful voices you’ll ever hear. Make sure it speaks words of kindness, encouragement, and positivity. Here’s to a journey of positive self-talk and a life filled with self-compassion and acceptance!

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Other Mental Health Resources

If you are struggling with other mental health issues or are looking for a specialist near you, use the Psychology Today therapist directory here to find a practitioner who specializes in your area of concern.

If you require a lower-cost option, you can check out It is one of the most flexible forms of online counseling. Their main benefit is lower costs, high accessibility through their mobile app, and the ability to switch counselors quickly and easily, until you find the right fit.

*As an affiliate partner with Better Help, I receive a referral fee if you purchase products or services through the links provided.

As always, it is important to be critical when seeking help, since the quality of counselors are not consistent. If you are not feeling supported, it may be helpful to seek out another practitioner. I wrote an article on things to consider here.

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1 Comment

  1. stockdalewolfe

    Another exhaustive, explicitly helpful piece I will go back to for help when I go south. Thank you for your efforts. My husband is a retired psychiatric social worker so I may get him to read it, too.


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